Special features of the constitution of china essay

The President of the People's Republic of China, in pursuance of decisions of the National People's Congress and its Standing Committee, promulgates statutes; appoints and removes the Premier, Vice-Premiers, State Councillors, Ministers in charge of Ministries or Commissions, and the Auditor- General and the Secretary-General of the State Council; confers state medals and titles of honour; issues orders of special pardons; proclaims martial law; proclaims a state of war; and issues mobilization orders.

No state organ, public organization or individual may compel citizens to believe in, or not to believe in, any religion; nor may they discriminate against citizens who believe in, or do not believe in, any religion.

The basic task of the nation in the years to come is to concentrate its effort on socialist modernization. Statutes and resolutions are adopted by simple majority of the deputies of National People Congress.

Deputies to the National People's Congress are subject to the supervision of the units which elected them. Specifically, the new Constitution de-emphasizes class struggle and places top priority on development and on incorporating the contributions and interests of non-party groups that can play a central role in modernization.

Special features of the constitution of china essay

No citizen may be arrested except with the approval or by decision of a people's procuratorate or by decision of a people's court, and arrests must be made by a public security organ. The organs of self-government of the national autonomous areas independently administer educational, scientific, cultural, public health and physical culture affairs in their respective areas, sort out and protect the cultural legacy of the nationalities and work for the development and prosperity of their cultures. In part out of deference to the NPC's own authority, scholars, generally, have not argued that Chinese courts possess the power to strike down either legislation or administrative regulations. The State Constitution is a lengthy, hybrid document with articles. Land in the rural and suburban areas is owned by collectives except for those portions which belong to the state in accordance with the law; house sites and private plots of cropland and hilly land are also owned by collectives. The organization of local people's congresses and local people's governments at different levels is prescribed by law. All nationalities in the People's Republic of China are equal. The state strengthens the building of socialist spiritual civilization through spreading education in high ideals and morality, general education and education in discipline and the legal system, and through promoting the formulation and observance of rules of conduct and common pledges by different sections of the people in urban and rural areas. Work is the glorious duty of every able-bodied citizen. Working people who are members of rural economic collectives have the right, within the limits prescribed by law, to farm private plots of cropland and hilly land, engage in household sideline production and raise privately owned livestock. Though somewhat flawed, the case does illustrate some of judicialization's key dynamics, as currently conceptualized in China.

Zhou Wei's involvement in the case came in a somewhat nontraditional manner and illustrates the more sophisticated ways in which activist lawyers and litigants whose cases raise important constitutional concerns are beginning to find each other.

In essence, with the statement that courts generally should not intervene in scholarly debates, the court seemed to engage in judicial rule making. In his book—and in a case book published in —Wang put forward one of the most influential statements of what judicialization might mean.

china constitution summary

Citizens who have suffered losses through infringement of their civil rights by any state organ or functionary have the right to compensation in accordance with the law.

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The Main Features of the Chinese Constitution