Entrance to the former Japanese legation, now headquarters of the Beijing Municipal Government. The Beitang was also beseiged in during the Boxer occupation of the city, when nearly 4, European and Chinese christians successfully defended the cathedral.
The Qing dynastyits prestige shattered, limped on until it was overthrown in The Peking legations quarter Such a provocative action inevitably drew a response from foreign governments. Harper, ; Martin, Christopher. The Boxer Rebellion was propelled by popular anger against Western imperialism that was manipulated by an ignorant and reactionary court headed by Cixi.
The heir apparent was the infant boy Pu Yi, who was only two years old at the time, who was designated emperor under regency of Zeifeng. Marines climbed the city walls, British troops found a way through an unguarded gate and reached the legations first.
Shandong Shantung province was particularly hard hit by economic hardships, the result of frequent flooding of the Yellow River beginning in the s.
Only low hills break the surface as far away as the Great Wall, which is seen rising like a rampart in the distance. Li Hongzhang was appointed head of the delegation to offer apologies to the Western powers—he died soon after completing the task.