Peace education in schools

benefits of peace education

Peer Mediation: This is Peer-to-Peer mediation and does not involve teachers or adults. Participants are also encouraged to take responsibility for their actions and to brainstorm together on compromises [15] In general, approaches of this type aim to "alter beliefs, attitudes, and behaviours At the same time, "a democratic society needs the commitment of citizens who accept the inevitability of conflict as well as the necessity for tolerance" U.

Importance of peace education pdf

Find out more about our use of cookies. In this respect, human rights education can increase the potential for conflict" [22] To prevent these outcomes, many such programs are now being combined with aspects of conflict resolution and democracy education schools of thought, along with training in nonviolent action. Learning to manage anger, "fight fair" and improve communication through skills such as listening, turn-taking, identifying needs, and separating facts from emotions, constitute the main elements of these programs. Peace education can be delivered to people of all ages, in both formal and informal settings. Both victim and offender are invited to bring support people with them. For peacebuilding initiatives to remain sustainable it is vital that attitudes towards war and violence are transformed and translated into long-term behavioural change which seek alternative solutions to armed conflict. In this way, there is space for young ones to share what is happening in their lives. The aim is to engender a commitment among participants to a vision of structural peace in which all individual members of the human race can exercise their personal freedoms and be legally protected from violence, oppression and indignity. As one peer mediation coordinator put it: "Conflict is very natural and normal, but you can't go through your entire life beating everybody up—you have to learn different ways to resolve conflict". Joachim James Calleja has suggested that a philosophical basis for peace education might be located in the Kantian notion of duty.

Holmes claim that a moral presumption against violence already exists amongst civilized nations. Teachers, staff and administrators are trained to integrate conflict resolution and management as a life skill into existing curricula and to facilitate positive change within the school community by aligning school mission statements, disciplinary procedures, and team-building efforts with conflict resolution concepts and theories.

James Page suggests peace education be thought of as "encouraging a commitment to peace as a settled disposition and enhancing the confidence of the individual as an individual agent of peace; as informing the student on the consequences of war and social injustice; as informing the student on the value of peaceful and just social structures and working to uphold or develop such social structures; as encouraging the student to love the world and to imagine a peaceful future; and as caring for the student and encouraging the student to care for others".

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Other examples: Bullying cessation programs Quality after-school and out-of-school programming Teaching children about peace and peacebuilding movements, what kind of work is happening around the world, what needs to happen, etc.

Social and Emotional Learning: Teaches self awareness, empathy, impulse control, motivation and social skills. For every suicide among young people, there are at least suicide attempts.

Types of peace education

Department of State, The Culture of Democracy, emphasis added. House of Representatives. In order to achieve these ideals, peace education programmes across the world address a wide range of themes. On the basis of this presumptive prohibition, he outlines several philosophical values which are relevant to the nonviolent resolution of conflicts between nations on the international level including pacifism. Social and emotional learning is the process through which children and adults acquire and effectively apply the knowledge, attitudes and skills necessary to understand and manage emotions, set and achieve positive goals, feel and show empathy for others, establish and maintain positive relationships, and make responsible decisions. At the same time, "a democratic society needs the commitment of citizens who accept the inevitability of conflict as well as the necessity for tolerance" U. Worldviews are defined as the subconscious lens acquired through cultural, family, historical, religious and societal influences through which people perceive four key issues: 1 the nature of reality, 2 human nature, 3 the purpose of existence, 4 the principles governing appropriate human relationships. Peace education and peacebuilding are therefore intrinsically linked. Include Restorative Justice and other related programs in U. Restorative Justice with trained facilitator : This is when an offense has taken place on school grounds involving one or more persons. In this way, there is space for young ones to share what is happening in their lives. Definition[ edit ] Ian Harris and John Synott have described peace education as a series of "teaching encounters" that draw from people: [7] their desire for peace, nonviolent alternatives for managing conflict, and skills for critical analysis of structural arrangements that produce and legitimize injustice and inequality. SEL programming is based on the understanding that the best learning emerges in the context of supportive relationships that make learning challenging, engaging and meaningful. Essentially, while conflict-promoting attitudes and behaviours are characteristic of earlier phases of human development, unity-promoting attitudes and behaviours emerge in later phases of healthy development. First, too many profoundly different kinds of activities taking place in an exceedingly wide array of contexts are all lumped under the same category label of "peace education" as if they belong together.
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Peace education