New england and chesapeake region apush
Political differences between chesapeake and new england colonies
Their merchants also gave Manhattan much of its original bustling, commercial atmosphere having developed such places as Wall Street and Broadway. The assembly met regularly, not so much for representative government as for the opportunity to raise taxes. Official business, worship, and trade often took place at isolated courthouses or churches located at the intersection of roads. The crown granted individuals or a group of partners a charter to develop these proprietary colonies. This fact, combined with the high mortality rate from disease—malaria, dysentery, and typhoid—slowed population growth considerably. Sadly, disillusioned colonists took out their frustrations on the local Indians. Out of all of the English colonies, the settlers in the middle colonies came from the most varied backgrounds. Education in the New England colonies was very important because reading the bible was part of their daily life. They also refused to pay taxes to support the Church of England, were unwilling to bow before any person of higher authority, and refused to surrender their right to worship as they pleased. Penn tried to protect the Indians in their dealings with settlers and traders. These practices appeared treasonous and heretical to most English officials. In contrast to the northern and middle colonies, the southern and Chesapeake colonies, including Maryland, were predominantly rural settlements. Tobacco was the mainstay of the Virginia and Maryland economies. The first settlers arrived in Carolina in with hopes of growing sugarcane and exporting non-English products like wine, silk, and olive oil. As the colonies expanded, the settlers had to confront Native Americans, the settlements of other nations, and each other.
Baltimore soon discovered that to draw more settlers he also had to offer small farms and give the colonists a say in the government. In the late sixteenth century, with the help of Protestant England, the people of the Netherlands won their independence from Spain. Due to friction between the governors, North and South Carolina were officially separated into two colonies in However, as a philanthropic endeavor, the colony was not as successful.
In contrast, Virginia and the New England colonies were essentially corporate ventures, sponsored by joint-stock companies that funded the settlements as investments.
While New England was a land of towns and villages surrounded by small farms, Virginia and Maryland were characterized by large plantations and little urban development.
The Chesapeake — Maryland and Virginia — have many distinct characteristics. Slaves could be found throughout all of the southern colonies during this time.
Compare and contrast the english settlements in the chesapeake region from those in new england
The one common link between New England and the Chesapeake was the treatment of the Indians. Although Jamestown VA did not have much economic success in its first few years, both colonies eventually became wealthy by exporting the cash crop tobacco. These settlements eventually became Royal Colonies functioning under official governors appointed by the crown. As a result, the death rate was higher and extended families were less common. Hudson sailed along the upper coast of North America, and in he encountered Delaware Bay and the river named for him, the Hudson River. A great deal of social and economic democracy prevailed, desirable land was easily acquired, and there was a large degree of religious and ethnic tolerance in the middle colonies. Penn promised substantial land holdings and by the end of he had encouraged about 1, immigrants to settle in Pennsylvania, and in October he arrived himself with more. Culturally, the settlers in the middle colonies thought of themselves as Europeans and tried as much as possible to replicate the lifestyles, social relations, and cultural traditions of their homeland. Upon his death, the land was left to his son Cecilius Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore, who actually founded the colony. During a time when the two countries were experiencing hostilities, James, the Duke of York and brother to King Charles II, felt that the New Netherland colony could easily be conquered. Early in the seventeenth century, the status of slave and indentured servant was quite similar.
As with the Puritans, however, the English government was willing to put up with colonies of Quakers in the Americas so long as they expanded the English presence on the Atlantic Coast.
Why did this difference in development occur? The Church of England was the established church in Virginia, which meant taxpayers paid for the support of the church whether or not they were Anglicans.
By the s, 20, people lived on plantations in the British Caribbean colonies, where they initially produced tobacco and later raised sugar cane.
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