How to write a review article in dentistry

Photographs should be clear, free of clutter or extraneous background distractions and be taken with models wearing simple clothing.

How to write a scientific paper ppt

Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. Names of authors and their institutional affiliations should be indicated here. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells. The headings and structure for an abstract are usually provided in the instructions for authors. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background and should be marked neatly with transfer type or by tissue overlay and not by pen. Please note that any manuscripts uploaded as Word Number tables, in Arabic numerals, consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Figures dramatically enhance the graphic appeal of a scientific paper. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Comparison of powered and manual toothbrushes for plaque removal by 4- to 5-year-old children. Include in the Discussion section the implications of the findings and their limitations, including implications for future research. The literature review of a scientific paper is not an exhaustive review of all available knowledge in a given field of study. There should be no other document, file, or material on the disc other than the images. When using direct quotations, provide not only the number of the citation, but the page where the quote was found.

J Park Recreation Admin. The abstract should be structured according to the following: Background, indicating why the study is important, the aim, materials subjects and methods keep it shortresults the most important findings and the conclusion.

Dental journals

Legends for illustrations: Type or print out legends maximum 40 words, excluding the credit line for illustrations using double spacing, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. Health outcomes include any biomedical or health-related measures obtained in patients or participants, including pharmacokinetic measures and adverse events. It is the authors' responsibility to fully ensure all references are cited in completed form, in an accurate location. Initial search used Electric Toothbrush. The discussion should end with a conclusion or alternatively, especially if there are many conclusions, summarized under a special conclusion heading. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor. The choice of publishing model will be blinded to referees, ensuring the editorial process is identical. Make the title catchy and concise so it describes your study in an essential, descriptive way. If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. For graphical images, journals published by Elsevier apply the following policy: no specific feature within an image may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced.

Beginning with the title page, the language should be English. Peer review is the critical assessments of manuscripts submitted to journals.

How to write a review paper

The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier. J Man Manip Ther. Sending a revised manuscript While submitting a revised manuscript, contributors are requested to include, along with single copy of the final revised manuscript, a photocopy of the revised manuscript with the changes underlined in red and copy of the comments with the point to point clarification to each comment. This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in editor-author communications. For a case-report, short communication and for a review article, the number of author s should not exceed four. Finally, use citations to your benefit. Web references can be listed separately e. Do not use abstracts as references. Download a Power Point presentation on common reference styles and using the reference checking facility on the manuscript submission site. However, it can be easier to modify your search if you start by including the Boolean operators. It has to be limited to maximum 60 characters. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes. Comments from the reviewers are enclosed or attached as separate files to the corresponding author. Instead, the introduction should supply the reader with background to understand the purpose of the study and to be able to evaluate the results of the study.

This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in editor-author communications. Use of the DOI is highly encouraged. The species studied should be carefully described by number, age and sex.

how to write a scientific paper introduction

Titles should be abbreviated in accordance with the style used in Index Medicus. Unfortunately, it is not appropriate to acknowledge this work. The purpose of sufficient detail in the methods section is so that an appropriately trained person would be able to replicate your experiments. References References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text not in alphabetic order.

Give references to established method, including statistical methods; provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified methods; give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations.

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Guide for authors