Case studies of ocd patients

Psychological disorders case studies pdf

By practicing mindfulness three times per day for minutes, she learned to be more aware of her surrounding, tune into her senses and let go of unwanted thoughts. Recently, Callie began to experience a recurrence in OCD symptoms. When he was doing homework in secondary school he was checking again and again that everything was done. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. There she learned ways to distract herself when she felt compelled to reach for the phone. Callie knows that her husband is less organized and persistent than she, especially when it comes to parenting and household management, two of their biggest problems as a couple. They have joint custody of their two children, ages 5 and 7. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. Structured instruments like the Children's Yale Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale[ 6 ] are available to measure the symptom severity in young.

Almost In ERP treatment, patients learn to resist the compulsion to perform rituals and are eventually able to stop engaging in these behaviors. They provide evidence-based cognitive-behavioral therapy to children, adolescents, and adults with anxiety disorders.

He had some success with checking when showering and turning the lights off, also checking taps. This is the situation people with obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD confront daily.

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Her work performance returned to normal. Obsessional thoughts are ideas, images, or impulses that enter the patient's mind again and again in a stereotyped form.

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We also started a CBT programme, where he put the various checking in an order, from least frightening to most frightening and then we started the exercises. Callie recently separated from her husband of 8 years.

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Anxiety is almost invariably present. He has to check the taps are not dripping, making sure that things are empty, making sure that he has put away everything he should, making sure that he has turned things off, closing windows, checking pockets, counting money again and again, he keeps checking that the light is off. This is the situation people with obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD confront daily. Footnotes Conflict of Interest: None declared. She went to work every day, was married to her high school sweetheart and had two small children. As a child he used to have phobias of lifts and elevators and thunder and lightning. J Anxiety Disord. This made his job very difficult for him and as the OCD got worse he was not able to do his job anymore because he was much too slow. Neuropsychology Neurocognitive studies have also shown evidence of impairment in some brain systems; Individuals with OCD perform poorly on tests of neurocognitive function such as executive, memory, and visuo- spacial abilities, set-shifting, spatial working memory and alternation, decision making. Desensitization and exposure therapy.

He has to check various things over and over again. Children's Yale-Brown obsessive compulsive scale: Reliability and validity. History Callie reportedly began exhibiting symptoms of OCD as a young child.

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The areas of the brain affected in obsessive compulsive disorder Patients with obsessive compulsive disorder OCD exhibit increased metabolic activity in the cortico- basal ganglia network compared with healthy controls.

Many people with OCD are superstitious or religious and certain underlying beliefs in these areas can promote or maintain OCD symptoms The need to establish the feared consequences for the patient's obsessions, to be able to establish a gradual hierarchy of the situations and circumstances the patient avoids.

Callie also began to practice mindfulness meditation.

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(PDF) Case Study of Severe OCD