An analysis of the presidential contenders in 1856 in the united states of america
He proposed that popular sovereignty, not congressional compromises, should determine if slavery would be permitted in new territories.
William Henry Harrison of Indiana. Although never acted upon, the proposal generated protests from anti-slavery Northerners and others in the United States who feared Cuba would become a slave state.
Historically the party had been split into two factions sincewith one faction, the National Republicans, being more strongly federalist than other Democrats.
1860 presidential election
The Southern Rights Party effectively collapsed following the election, attaining only five percent of the vote in Alabama, and a few hundred in its nominee's home state of Georgia. While Fillmore finished last, he still received almost , votes out of the approximately four million votes cast in the election. Instead, the national debate over slavery only intensified, and the new president was seen by many people as being more sympathetic to Southern interests. Southern Whigs were suspicious of Scott, whom they saw as a tool of antislavery senator William H. They feared a conspiracy to control American political institutions, a fear fed by the fact that both the major party candidates, Jackson and Clay, were prominent Masons. The Democrats needed only one more vote to capture the presidency, but the Republicans needed all 20 contested electoral votes. Historically the party had been split into two factions since , with one faction, the National Republicans, being more strongly federalist than other Democrats. With the Taylor-Fillmore ticket elected, the forces had been set in motion for the events surrounding the Compromise of Many Republicans objected to the succession of Virginia presidents and believed Crawford a superior choice to Monroe. After Brown was convicted of treason and hanged, hostilities between the North and South continued to escalate.
Stephen Douglas vs. Two days after he was sworn in, the U. The choice of president therefore fell to the House of Representatives.
The committee took its time reviewing the positions of Pierce and Scott, finally deciding on August 25 to call a convention for a Southern Rights Party ticket. Instead, they opposed the extension of slavery into western territories and new states, believing that the institution of slavery should be restricted to its traditional Southern boundaries.
Inonly Pennsylvania and Maryland held elections for this purpose; elsewhere, the state legislatures chose the electors. With the demise of the Whig Party, many Northerners, bitterly resenting the heavy enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act under Pierce, began to loosely coalesce with the emerging antislavery Republican Party.
1852 presidential election
Realignment of the Party System in the s: The Republicans Following the collapse of the Whigs during the election of , a major realignment of the American political party system occurred with former Whigs splintering into various political factions. They feared a conspiracy to control American political institutions, a fear fed by the fact that both the major party candidates, Jackson and Clay, were prominent Masons. Northern Democrats, such as Stephen Douglas, believed that the slavery issue should be decided by popular sovereignty. Several cities, including Youngstown and Cleveland, had newspapers that touted Know-Nothing beliefs. Both parties split over their nominee and the issue of slavery. The Republican Party captured 1,, votes and in the Electoral College, and the American Party received , popular and 8 electoral votes. Henry Clay vs. The Republicans called for more democratic practices and accused the Federalists of monarchism. In the early stages of the election campaign, Madison also faced challenges from within his own party by Monroe and Clinton.
Many politicians of note participated, including Thaddeus Stevens, William H. Since the previous election, the Whig Party had disintegrated over the issue of slavery, and new parties including the Republican Party competed to replace it. In the general election, Buchanan maintained that slavery was an issue to be decided by individual states and territories, while his Republican challenger, John Fremontan explorer and U.
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