An analysis of the pharmacist profession
So what are these forthcoming challenges? Globally, people are living longer with multiple co-morbidities and require increased access and use of medicines.
What is the issue? Globally, people are living longer with multiple co-morbidities and require increased access and use of medicines. Policy developments from WHO Human Resources for Health clearly indicate current and projected chronic shortages of the healthcare workforce and the availability of a skilled pharmacy workforce for access to expertise and essential medicines has been made clear [ 6 , 7 ]. On the other hand, if we get the direction of travel right, identify the major hazards in advance and plan to minimise them, the profession could emerge as a major player in health care delivery throughout the whole of the first half of the 21st century. Pharmacists are a key component of the healthcare workforce, and in many countries, pharmacists are the most accessible healthcare profession. The statistical methods used were descriptive frequencies, central tendencies and regression correlation and linear. Introduction Pharmacist care activities PCAs have been recognised as an important part of the population's health care since the s with the emergence of the clinical pharmacy movement at the University of San Francisco in the USA. Country-level capacity data were plotted against time to identify trends coupled with comparative analysis of the trends. Associated Data Data tables are publically available from www. Pharmacists play an important role in the delivery of healthcare services since they are involved in community and hospital environments, as well as academia, research, and regulation. Open Peer Review reports Background Human resources for health are at a critical low. Probably of equal importance is our need to consider the impact of independent prescribing, together with the ad hoc, out-sourced development of new diagnostic and examination skills, on the dynamics within the profession and the potential for creation of an expanding elite in pharmacy.
The five key steps: Study chemistry, mathematics, and other appropriate courses in high school check with universities for course pre-requisites.
However, this collaboration was not consistent as often times it involved only one of the health professionals physician or nurse and rarely the three of them physician, nurse and pharmacist.
Drug knowledge pharmacy
Ensuring the availability of an appropriately skilled pharmacy workforce within services and facilities with effective distribution across a nation is an important approach for improving equitable access. Furthermore, MAs allow the attainment of more accurate estimates of the effects on health care than those derived from studies included in a review using statistical methods. A fuller methodology has been previously reported [ 8 ]. The review excluded the studies in which the intervention: i was not performed exclusively by a pharmacist; ii when it was performed by pharmacy students; or iii when such information was not evident. Only then can it be decided how and what measures are required in order to balance the demand versus supply of pharmacists to help improve the global healthcare workforce. In , the survey collected workforce data for 90 countries and territories representing 2. It is necessary to establish the minimum quality criteria for conducting studies on PC. For the community setting, only systematic reviews were carried out. Probably of equal importance is our need to consider the impact of independent prescribing, together with the ad hoc, out-sourced development of new diagnostic and examination skills, on the dynamics within the profession and the potential for creation of an expanding elite in pharmacy. The impact of changes in the density of the pharmacy workforce whether this is an increase or decrease on health outcomes is difficult to judge. This first search was complemented by a review of the references of the retrieved articles, and then the references of the latter were reviewed, and so forth until exhaustion of the strategy.
In the years following, further reports have highlighted shortages in the healthcare workforce and the effect on implementation of primary care, efficient and equitable use of financial resources, and expansion of health services [ 45 ].
African nations have significantly fewer pharmacists per capita.
Those countries and territories with lower economic indicators tended to have relatively fewer pharmacists and pharmacy technicians. Latin America is represented by Brazil, which has the largest amount of publications on health issues.
The data extraction from each article was carried out by two independent reviewers who resolved occasional disagreements through the participation of a third reviewer. South East Asian and Middle Eastern countries also show large proportional changes in pharmacist workforce.
Country-level capacity data were plotted against time to identify trends coupled with comparative analysis of the trends. A key message from theand Global Pharmacy Workforce reports was that pharmacy workforce density varied considerably between countries and WHO regions and generally correlated with population numbers and country-level economic development indicators.
An analysis of the pharmacist profession
What is the issue? Country-level capacity data were plotted against time to identify trends coupled with comparative analysis of the trends. Pharmacists play an important role in the delivery of healthcare services since they are involved in community and hospital environments, as well as academia, research, and regulation. While entry to courses and the profession is competitive, there is ample opportunity for those with talent and commitment. Dismissing this major new opportunity as little more than a fringe activity for pharmacy could be a major strategic miscalculation. These results reflect Allemann et al. However, there is still much to be done, with some regions and low-income countries still displaying a disproportionately low number of pharmacists on small overall capacity for delivering pharmacy services.
The proportion of women in the pharmacy workforce continues to increase resulting in more part-time working and therefore a greater headcount being required to meet demand.
based on 46 review